Highest mountains in the world are formed by various geological processes. Volcanic eruption, earthquake, faulting, and folding forms mountains.
On the other hand, sometimes these processes also lead to the deformation of existing mountains. There are some of the examples we can relate to this context.
Similarly, there are more than 109 mountains in the earth with an elevation above 7200 meters from sea level. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world with an elevation of 8848 meters from sea level.
List of highest mountains in the world.
|Mountains||Height in meter|
Mount Everest is the highest peak of the world with an elevation of 8848 meters above sea level. This peak is located in the Mahalangur Himalaya range of Asia. It is also called as “Sagarmatha” in Nepali and “Chomolungma” in Chinese.
In addition to this, mount Everest also serves as a southern border between Nepal and China. In 1865, Everest was given its official name by Andrew Waugh. The present elevation of the peak was confirmed by the Chinese survey in 1975.
Moreover, Everest attracts mountaineers from all around the globe. Every year, hundred thousand of mountaineers try to climb the Everest. According to the report of 2019, over 300 people died while climbing the mountain.
On the contrary, there are two routes to climb the Everest. One is the southeast from Nepal and the other one is north from the Tibet. However, the route from the southeast is considered to be the standard one.
Several attempts were made before 1953 to approach the summit. However, some of them could not make it and some of them died on the way. In 1953 Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary made an official scale to the Everest.
K2 is the second-highest mountain in the world after Mount Everest. Situated at the elevation of 8611 meters, it lies in the China Pakistan border area.
Furthermore, it is one of the most deadliest mountains among the mountains at the highest altitude. Although it is the second-highest, it is more dangerous to climb.
Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni in 1954 made the first attempt to scale the peak. Moreover, it lies in the Karakoram mountain range.
Kanchenjunga is the third highest peak with an elevation of 8586 meters. It lies in the Himalaya range of Asia. Its three out of five peak lies on the border between Nepal and India and the remaining two on the Nepal.
Joe Brown and George band in 1995 climbed the Kanchenjunga. On the contrary, there are four different routes to scale the mountain. However, the route from Sikkim has been only used three times to date.
In addition to this, due to its remote location in Nepal, it has not been fully explored by trekkers. Meanwhile, before 1849 Kanchenjunga was considered to be the highest peak. But later on trigonometrical survey of India made a conclusion regarding the Kanchenjunga and placed it in the top three.
Lhotse is the fourth highest peak in the world with an elevation of 8516meter above the sea level. The mountain lies in the Mahalangur Himalaya range of Nepal.
Moreover, the mountain lies in the region between the Tibet of china and the Khumbu region of Nepal. Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger in 1956 climbed the mountain.
Also, ascent to the Lhotse is the best preparation for the ascent to the Everest. it has three peaks, however the main peak is known as Lhotse main.
Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world with an elevation of 8485 meters. Situated in the Mahalangur Himalaya range of Nepal, it lies in the border between Nepal and China.
On May 15, 1995, Lionel Terry and Jean cozy made a first summit on the peak. Also, its shape is a four-sided pyramid with two subsidiary peaks along with it.
Moreover, Makalu is the only 8000 peaks which has seen a possible ascent in the winter condition. More interestingly, it lies just 20km away from the Mount Everest.
In conclusion, most of the highest mountains in the world lies in Nepal.